Assault Penalties and Defenses in AZ Criminal Law: Free Consultation with Colburn Hintze Maletta

Investigative Article: Understanding Arizona's Assault Penalties and Defenses

Assault charges can have serious consequences, ranging from hefty fines to significant jail time. And in Arizona, the penalties can be particularly severe. Arizona's Criminal Code outlines several categories of assault, each with varying degrees of severity. In this investigative article, we'll take an in-depth look at Arizona's assault penalties and defenses. We'll discuss the different assault charges, the penalties for each, and the legal defenses you can use to fight them.

What is Assault?

Assault is defined as any act that causes another person reasonable apprehension of imminent physical harm. In Arizona, assault can be charged as a misdemeanor or a felony. The severity of the charge typically depends on the following factors:

Type of Assault

Arizona recognizes several different types of assault, including:

  • Simple assault
  • Aggravated assault
  • Domestic assault
  • Sexual assault
  • Homicide

Seriousness of the Injury

If the assault results in serious bodily injury or death, it is more likely to be charged as a felony.

Offender's Prior Record

If the offender has prior convictions, they may face harsher penalties than a first-time offender.

Arizona's Assault Penalties

As mentioned, the penalties for assault in Arizona can be severe. The penalties vary depending on the type of assault and the severity of the offense.

Simple Assault

Simple assault is a misdemeanor offense with a maximum penalty of 6 months in jail and up to a $2,500 fine.

Aggravated Assault

Aggravated assault is a felony offense with a penalty of up to 12.5 years in prison for a first-time offender. If the offender has prior convictions, they can face up to 23 years in prison.

Domestic Assault

Domestic assault is a misdemeanor offense that carries a penalty of up to 6 months in jail and a maximum fine of $2,500.

Sexual Assault

Sexual assault is a felony offense with a penalty of up to 35 years in prison.


Homicide is the most severe form of assault, and the penalty can range from life imprisonment to the death penalty.

Legal Defenses for Assault Charges

If you're facing assault charges in Arizona, it's important to understand the legal defenses that may be available to you. Here are some possible defenses you can use:


Self-defense is a common defense for assault charges. If you can prove that you acted in self-defense, you may be able to avoid being convicted.

Defense of Others

If you acted to protect someone else from harm, you may be able to use the defense of others as a legal defense.


If the alleged victim consented to the activity that led to the assault charge, you may be able to use consent as a legal defense.


If you have a mental illness and were not capable of understanding the consequences of your actions, you may be able to use an insanity defense.


Assault charges are serious, and the penalties in Arizona can be severe. If you or someone you know is facing assault charges, it's important to understand your legal rights and the defenses that may be available to you. By working with an experienced criminal defense attorney, you can fight your charges and protect your future.

To learn more about assault penalties and defenses in Arizona, visit Assault Penalties and Defenses: AZ Criminal Law.